I Am The Establishment

An editorial comment.

In this winter of incredible discontent thus far, Eastern US weather weenies have become, quite simply, insufferable. I’ve seen name calling, rage, anger, and a serious dose of voodoo weather forecasting. Because the forecast continues to verify warm, despite some prophetic claims of cold coming, the army of ticked off weather weenies grows angrier and more vocal toward professionals in the field on Twitter. Ten years ago, it used to be weather forums, and although there would be ridiculous forecasts and posts from the weather weenie community, there was at least some decorum most of the time. I’ve grown a bit disheartened by the personal direct attacks at those in the meteorology community. Some of these attacks come from budding meteorologists.

Most of those in the weather enthusiast/weenie community are awesome people. But the vocal minority have gotten loud. And I will say: This isn’t limited to the weenies of the East. There are professionals in our field that also engage in this sort of deplorable behavior. I’m not going to admonish anyone specific or stand over here yelling “play nice!” But it would be nice if everyone could play nice and take it easy on one another. Calling someone a name won’t make it snow any more in your backyard. Taunting the weenie community won’t make them realize the snow deficit isn’t ending in the near future. So everyone should step back and chill.

But it got me thinking. Why is the hate so evident and vocal this year? I have a theory. We (collectively the degreed meteorologists or professional meteorologists employed in the private sector, NWS, or media) are “The Establishment.” What’s been a key component of the 2016 presidential campaign? A revolt against The Establishment. We generally go by the book and play by the rules. We fraternize with one another. We’re friendly. We’re employed or between jobs. Most of us have degrees and went through the calculus, dynamics, etc. We believe in meteorology first above modelology. Our forecasts are considered “official.” Most users of our forecasts have no problem with this. Some may seek another opinion here or there, but for the most part, they trust us.

But then you have a subset within the field of voices who have gone their own way and charted their own course. Many of them haven’t done the hardcore math or have degrees in a field even remotely related to meteorology. But many of them have tirelessly studied it as a hobby. Many of them are exceptionally talented weather forecasters and do an extremely good job feasting on the weather niche that exists in social media. The majority are well-intentioned, smart people, and a handful are better at forecasting and sniffing out patterns than some of the best in the field. Yet, a few are full-on weenies that think they use meteorology to make one plus one somehow equal three. These false prophets are the ones that the most vocal and vile of the weenies turn to in times of misery…grasping for hope in a hopeless pattern. To these weenies, we are The Establishment and the false prophets are the grassroots voices of hope. I believe they feel some of the false prophets are marginalized and kicked aside by those of us in The Establishment, and they feel a need to defend their people…similar to how some anti-establishment candidates are supported in politics. Thus, you see a revolt.

I don’t know what it means ultimately. This problem won’t go away, and it’s not something we should completely ignore as a meteorology community. I think better understanding and tolerance all around is needed. But I think if you frame your approach to this divide within the weather enthusiast community as thinking you’re just part of The Establishment, you may be able to devise a different approach to dealing with it. It’s just food for thought.


El Nino Rains: Comparing 2015 so far to other beasts of the past

The fever pitch of El Nino headlines and articles isn’t slowing down. In fact, it’s only growing:

El Nino Fever Pitch

It comes mostly with speculation, preparation, and wonder. Some of the headlines are ridiculous (just go back through photos on my Twitter timeline). Most are reasonable. But it’s news. And it’s clearly a high impact weather phenomenon.

So it begs the question: How’s it doing? Is El Nino behaving like it’s supposed to? Specifically with regard to rainfall. Remember, this El Nino event is a strong one. In fact, it’s the strongest since 1997, and in some respects, it may be the strongest on record. So we have a pretty clear set of analogs to look at and see if this year fits the mold.

Judging by the temperature forecast for the next 10-15 days, the pattern seems to be mostly behaving like a strong El Nino should in December. How about rain? Let’s look back at other actual strong El Nino events and see where 2015-16 is falling relative to those events, specifically in terms of rainfall.

A caveat here: Remember, it’s early. Winter is a marathon, not a sprint. Because something looks one way on December 8th, doesn’t mean one month from now we’re going to be in the same boat. But there are a few interesting nuggets to pull out of this, and I think it’s mostly a good idea to give people some perspective on certain story lines.

Just as a note, my definition for “strong” El Nino events was using a blend from Jan Null’s list post-1950 and Klaus Wolter’s list pre-1950, as well as some “artistic liberty.” Not everyone agrees on the perfect definition of what a strong El Nino is, but hopefully I captured the majority. I’m tracking rain from July 1-June 30.

Southern California

When people think of El Nino, many think of SoCal. You know, mudslides in Malibu, etc. I believe the mayhem of 1997-98 and subsequent personification by Chris Farley has set a level of expectations.

Thus far, 2015 is behaving pretty much about where other strong El Nino events have done in Los Angeles:

Los Angeles Rainfall

Every strong El Nino event back to the 1800s has had normal or above normal rainfall in Los Angeles. Thus far, thanks mostly to a freak wet event in early autumn, Los Angeles is indeed above normal. It is worth noting, that 2015-16 wouldn’t be the only strong El Nino year to see a “freak” early autumn rainfall event followed by a prolonged period of dryness into December. So if people are wondering where the rain is, wait a few more weeks. We are entering the ramp up period. If things don’t start picking up by late month, then we can start to worry.

Northern California

Northern California is a conundrum during strong El Nino events. Historically, San Francisco is split between above and below normal rainfall, so it’s tough to say too much at this early stage. That said, it is worth nothing, that as of right now, this El Nino is on the lower end of the envelope in terms of rainfall in strong El Nino events in the Bay Area:

San Francisco Rainfall

Like Los Angeles, it’s still early. The ramp should start soon if we’re going to go above normal, so again, if things don’t perk up by late December, it might be time to plan on a normal or drier than normal winter at best.


This is where it gets interesting. For the most part, the El Nino signal in the Pacific Northwest is somewhat mixed. You get dry years and you get wet years. Usually, however, you don’t have a super wet year when there’s a strong El Nino.

In Portland (where the data is only available back to the 1957-58 El Nino) no strong El Nino has been wetter than normal. Seattle is mixed from slightly above normal to way below normal. So far in Seattle? It’s the wettest strong El Nino to this point on record, and it’s not even close. This autumn has been incredibly wet so far.

Seattle Rainfall

If we keep up at this rate (and the current forecast implies this), this will quickly become one the wettest, if not the wettest strong El Nino event on record in Seattle.

Great Basin/Rockies

In Denver, the bend is toward a wetter than normal outcome in strong El Nino years, but it is mixed. So far, Denver has been mid-pack for strong El Nino events.

Denver Rainfall.png

Salt Lake City is a bit more mixed, split almost evenly between wetter than normal and drier than normal (82-83 was a beast there). So far, we’re doing middle of the pack there also.

SLC Rainfall

It will be interesting to follow this as we go through the cold season. I’ll likely be tracking this, as it’s good to establish where this El Nino event falls. For everyone, it will probably be different. But thankfully we have a useful sample in a number of places to utilize.